Papa Benedittu XVI jirriżenja
Bħala parroċċa ddedikata lil San Pietru, il-figura tal-Papa għalina hija importanti u forsi hija aktar emblematika mill-mod kif iħarsu lejha nies oħra. Fil-Papa naraw il-predeċissur San Pietru Appostlu, patrun ta’ dan ir-raħal, il-missier għażiż tagħna n-nies ta’ Birżebbuġa. Ninsabu wkoll ftit jiem mill-festa tat-22 ta’ Frar, festa għażiża għalina n-nies ta’ Birżebbuġa u guarda caso hija wkoll il-festa tal-Primat ta’ San Pietru, il-festa tal-Papat, il-festa ta’ meta San Pietru ingħata l-awtorita’ minn Kristu stess biex jirgħa l-merħla tiegħu. Għalhekk qisu bħal kulħadd inħasad speċjalment aħna li minn hawn u ftit ġranet oħra se niċċelebraw il-festa tal-Awtorità tal-Papa fit-22 ta’ dan ix-xhar, meta smajna l-aħbar li Papa Ratzinger iddikkjara r-riżenja tiegħu. Kien tard dalgħodu li Papa Benedittu XVI ħabbar ir-riżenja tiegħu minn Papa f’konċistorju b’din l-istqarrija bil-latin:
Non solum propter tres canonizationes ad hoc Consistorium vos convocavi, sed etiam ut vobis decisionem magni momenti pro Ecclesiae vitae communicem. Conscientia mea iterum atque iterum coram Deo explorata ad cognitionem certam perveni vires meas ingravescente aetate non iam aptas esse ad munus Petrinum aeque administrandum.
Bene conscius sum hoc munus secundum suam essentiam spiritualem non solum agendo et loquendo exsequi debere, sed non minus patiendo et orando. Attamen in mundo nostri temporis rapidis mutationibus subiecto et quaestionibus magni ponderis pro vita fidei perturbato ad navem Sancti Petri gubernandam et ad annuntiandum Evangelium etiam vigor quidam corporis et animae necessarius est, qui ultimis mensibus in me modo tali minuitur, ut incapacitatem meam ad ministerium mihi commissum bene administrandum agnoscere debeam. Quapropter bene conscius ponderis huius actus plena libertate declaro me ministerio Episcopi Romae, Successoris Sancti Petri, mihi per manus Cardinalium die 19 aprilis MMV commissum renuntiare ita ut a die 28 februarii MMXIII, hora 29, sedes Romae, sedes Sancti Petri vacet et Conclave ad eligendum novum Summum Pontificem ab his quibus competit convocandum esse.
Fratres carissimi, ex toto corde gratias ago vobis pro omni amore et labore, quo mecum pondus ministerii mei portastis et veniam peto pro omnibus defectibus meis. Nunc autem Sanctam Dei Ecclesiam curae Summi eius Pastoris, Domini nostri Iesu Christi confidimus sanctamque eius Matrem Mariam imploramus, ut patribus Cardinalibus in eligendo novo Summo Pontifice materna sua bonitate assistat. Quod ad me attinet etiam in futuro vita orationi dedicata Sanctae Ecclesiae Dei toto ex corde servire velim.
Ex Aedibus Vaticanis, die 10 mensis februarii MMXIII
I have convoked you to this Consistory, not only for the three canonizations, but also to
communicate to you a decision of great importance for the life of the Church.
After having repeatedly examined my conscience before God, I have come to the certainty that my strengths, due to an advanced age, are no longer suited to an adequate exercise of the Petrine ministry. I am well aware that this ministry, due to its essential spiritual nature, must be carried out not only with words and deeds, but no less with prayer and suffering. However, in today’s world, subject to so many rapid changes and shaken by questions of deep relevance for the life of faith, in order to govern the bark of Saint Peter and proclaim the Gospel, both strength of mind and body are necessary, strength which in the last few months, has deteriorated in me to the extent that I have had to recognize my incapacity to adequately fulfill the ministry entrusted to me.
For this reason, and well aware of the seriousness of this act, with full freedom I declare that I renounce the ministry of Bishop of Rome, Successor of Saint Peter, entrusted to me by the Cardinals on 19 April 2005, in such a way, that as from 28 February 2013, at 20:00 hours, the See of Rome, the See of Saint Peter, will be vacant and a Conclave to elect the new Supreme Pontiff will have to be convoked by those whose competence it is.
Dear Brothers, I thank you most sincerely for all the love and work with which you have supported me in my ministry and I ask pardon for all my defects. And now, let us entrust the Holy Church to the care of Our Supreme Pastor, Our Lord Jesus Christ, and implore his holy Mother Mary, so that she may assist the Cardinal Fathers with her maternal solicitude, in electing a new Supreme Pontiff.
With regard to myself, I wish to also devotedly serve the Holy Church of God in the future through a life dedicated to prayer.
From the Vatican, 10 February 2013
BENEDICTUS PP XVI
Il-Papa minn dejjem kien ta’ din il-fehma
Bla dubju ta’ xejn ir-riżenja ta’ Papa Benedittu XVI ġriet bħal leħħa ta’ berqa madwar id-dinja fit-temp ta’ ftit sekondi imma ħadd ma kien qed bassar li kien se jirriżenja. Madankollu f’pubblikazzjoni tiegħu stess Light of the World, li l-aġenzija REUTERS tkellmet fuqu sentejn ilu fit-22 ta’ Novembru 2010, il-Papa stess kien stqarr li jekk ma jkunx kapaċi fiżikament, mentalment u psikoloġikament hu jkun lest li jirriżenja mill-posizzjoni tiegħu bħala mexxej tal-knisja.
Pope says in book he would resign if incapacitated
By Philip Pullella
VATICAN CITY | Mon Nov 22, 2010 10:13am EST
(Reuters) – Pope Benedict says in a new book that he would not hesitate to become the first pontiff to resign willingly in more than 700 years if he felt himself no longer able, “physically, psychologically and spiritually,” to lead the church.
With startling candor, the 83-year-old Benedict floats the possibility of something Catholic Church officials do not like to talk about because it could open a doctrinal can of worms.
The book, called “Light of the World: The Pope, the Church, and the Sign of the Times,” has so far made headlines for the pope’s cautious opening to the use of condoms to stop AIDS.
But the book, an interview with German Catholic journalist Peter Seewald, also contains many personal reflections on Benedict’s health, his daily routine and his future.
“Yes, if a pope clearly realizes that he is no longer physically, psychologically and spiritually capable of handling the duties of his office, then he has a right and, under some circumstances, also an obligation, to resign,” he says.
The last pope to resign willingly was Celestine V in 1294 after reigning for only five months. Gregory XII reluctantly abdicated in 1415 to end a dispute with a rival claimant to the Holy See.
Earlier this year, when the Vatican was swept up by a new wave of sexual abuse scandals, there were calls for Benedict to step down, but he says in the book that he would not “run away” in a time of crisis.
“One can resign at a peaceful moment or when one simply cannot go on,” he says.
Benedict seems to be in relatively good health but confesses in the book that he feels his forces diminishing.
“Of course, I am sometimes concerned and I wonder whether I can make it even from a purely physical point of view,” he says of the demand on his strength during trips.
“The Holy Father is aware of his work and his complete dedication for the good of the Church,” said newly appointed Cardinal Raul Eduardo Vela Chiriboga of Ecuador. “If something serious happens to his health it is logical that he would consider, with all the responsibility he has, what to do.”
There is a provision in canon (church) law for the resignation of a pope but it has never been used. It says a pope can resign but he has do it of his own free choice and it does not have to be accepted by anyone.
But modern medicine’s ability to extend life raises the possibility that a pope with Alzheimer’s disease or one who suffers a stroke, for example, might not be able to decide.
Previous popes have considered resigning but the news only emerged after their deaths, whereas Benedict seems to be laying the groundwork for such a possibility so that it does not come as total surprise.
The late Pope John Paul, whose health deteriorated over the last years of his life, considered stepping down but then famously told a doctor that “there is no place in the church for an emeritus pope.”
Indeed, what would an “ex-pope” do?
Church historians say a former pope would almost certainly have to disappear from the public scene, perhaps by going into seclusion in a monastery, never to be heard from again, so as not to cast a shadow over his predecessor.
They say that if a pope resigns instead of ruling for life there is a real danger that the church could slip into a schism. Some who are not in agreement with the rulings of the new pope could decide to recognize his predecessor as church leader.
Reuters has obtained an advance copy of the English version of the book, which the Vatican is presenting on Tuesday.
(Additional reporting by Antonio Denti; Editing by Mark Trevelyan)
Saħħet il-Papa ġieli ġiet fl-attenzjoni tal-media, imma peress li l-kundizzjoni tiegħu m’għandha x’taqsam xejn mad-deterjorazzjoni fiżika li konna mdorrijin naraw lil Papa Ġwanni Pawlu II, din għamlet mod li tiġbed inqas attenzjoni. Madankollu kif għidt diġa, kien hemm min li sena ilu fil-media diġa ġibed l-attenzjoni dwar din il-possibiltà.
Biex insibu sitwazzjoni meta Papa rriżenja mill-kariga tiegħu rridu mmorru lura fis-sena 1415 meta l-Papa Gregorju XII irriżenja. Papa Benedittu XVI irriżenja minħabba raġunijiet ta’ saħħa u età ingravescentem aetatem. Il-Papa se jibqa’ fl-uffiċċju sat-28 ta’ Frar sal-ħin tat-tmienja ta’ filgħaxija. Mat-tokki tal-arloġġ fil-Vatikan tiġi dikjarata sede vacante u mbagħad minn hemm ‘il quddiem tibda l-proċedura li biha jiġi maħtur il-Papa ġdid.
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Il-Bookmakers diġà bdew jagħmlu l-imħatriet tagħhom. Qed jissemmew b’insistenza ismijiet bħall-Kardinal Niġerjan Francis Arinze u l-Ganiż Peter Turkson kif ukoll il-Kanadiż Oullet u l-Kardinal Taljan minn Milan Angelo Scola.